How to Fix Uncaught TypeError: Cannot read property ‘value’ of null

Uncaught TypeError: Cannot read property ‘value’ of null error occurs in JavaScript when “you try to access a property of a null object.”

Common reasons for the TypeError

  1. An object may not have been initialized.
  2. An object may have been deleted.
  3. The property may not exist.
  4. The script is executed before the DOM has finished loading. To fix this, ensure your script is placed at the end of the HTML body or wrapped inside a function that listens for the DOMContentLoaded event.
    document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function () { // Your code here });
  5. The DOM element’s selector is incorrect, or the element does not exist in the HTML. Double-check your selector to make sure it’s targeting the correct element. Also, ensure that the element exists in your HTML code.

  6. After the initial page load, the DOM element may be removed or replaced dynamically. In this case, you should ensure the element is present when accessing its properties.

How to fix it?

To fix the Uncaught TypeError: Cannot read property ‘value’ of null error, you need to “check if an element exists before accessing its properties.”

Use the console.log() method or a debugger to view the actual value of the element you are trying to read.

const element = document.getElementById('yourElementId');

if (element) {
  const value = element.value;
} else {
  console.error('Element not found');

By checking the existence of the element before accessing its properties, you can avoid the “Cannot read property ‘value’ of null” error.

If the object is null, you can initialize it by assigning it a value. For example:

object = {};

If the property does not exist, you can create it by giving it a value. For example: = "value";

You must identify why the DOM element is null and take appropriate action.

If there’s a chance that the object can be null or undefined, you can use conditional (or optional) chaining to avoid the error. For example,

let value = someObject?.someProperty;

This will assign the value of someProperty to the variable value if someObject exists or undefined if it doesn’t.

If the object is supposed to be initialized by an asynchronous operation (e.g., fetching data from a server), ensure you’re not trying to access it before the operation is complete. You might need to use promises, async/await, or callbacks to handle this correctly.