JavaScript Window atob() Global Method

JavaScript Window atob() is a global method “used to decode a string of data encoded using Base64 encoding.” You can use the btoa() method to encode and transmit data that may otherwise cause communication problems, then transmit it and use the atob() method to decode it again.




encodedData: It is a binary string (i.e., a string in which each character is treated as a byte of binary data) containing base64-encoded data.

Return value

It is an ASCII string containing decoded data from encodedData.


InvalidCharacterError DOMException: Thrown if encodedData is not valid base64.

Example 1: Basic Decoding

In this example, we’ll simply decode a base-64 encoded string to get its original value.

// Base-64 encoded string
let encodedString = "SGVsbG8gV29ybGQh";

// Decoding the string
let decodedString = atob(encodedString);



Hello World!

Example 2: Decoding User Input

In this example, we’ll decode a base-64 encoded string from the user.

// Taking encoded string as input from the user
let encodedUserInput = prompt("Enter a base-64 encoded string:");

// Decoding the string
let decodedUserInput = atob(encodedUserInput);

alert("Decoded String: " + decodedUserInput);


If you input SGVsbG8gV29ybGQh (which is “Hello World!” in base-64), the alert will display “Decoded String: Hello World!”.

If you input a string that’s not valid base-64, you might get unexpected results or errors.

Example 3: Using atob() in HTML

In this example, we will decode a base-64 encoded string and display it in an HTML element.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

  <meta charset="UTF-8">
  <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <title>atob() Example</title>

  <button onclick="decodeString()">Decode</button>
  <p id="decodedOutput"></p>

    function decodeString() {
      let encodedString = "U29tZSBiYXNlLTY0IGVuY29kZWQgc3RyaW5n";
      let decodedString = atob(encodedString);
      document.getElementById("decodedOutput").innerText = decodedString;


Using atob() in HTML

Browser Support

Chrome IE Edge Firefox Safari Opera
Yes 10-11 Yes Yes Yes Yes

That’s it!

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